In a Nutshell
A growing number of ministries, groups, and individual teachers are dedicated to
promoting the message that we are living in the last generation before the Return
of Christ. Although they have widely divergent teachings on the details of just how
current world conditions and events fit into the Biblical scenario of "the End Times,"
they all agree that "prophecy is being fulfilled daily" and that it is extremely
important for Christians to be able to understand "the times in which they live"-
Although most denominations, religious groups and Bible teachers have a specific point of view about some of the debatable issues of Bible prophecy, most give a fairly low priority to coverage of this topic in the bigger scheme of their belief system. Those groups and teachers and ministries which are a part of the general End Times Prophecy movement, on the other hand, place issues of Bible prophecy squarely in the middle of the reason for the existence of their group or their ministry.
Although they may address other issues of Biblical doctrine and Christian living principles, such topics are in the minority in their teaching tapes, magazine articles, television and radio programs, personal appearances at seminars and conventions, and on their websites. It is not usually their teaching of the Bible in general that attracts new prospective supporters, but rather their prophetic speculation schemes. And although their listeners and supporters may adopt their perspective on a variety of other doctrinal matters, it is the prophecy teaching which establishes the credibility of such teachers in the minds of their followers.
We live in a world full of turmoil. Especially since the events of 9/11/01, many people have much less of a sense of basic "security" than they have ever experienced before. More and more are fearful not just of specific problems such as terrorist acts or wars, but of "the unknown" in general. The attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon made it clear that there are forces in the world who could conspire to unleash the "totally unexpected" in a way never before experienced in the US.
Into this swirling uncertainty step teachers who claim to have "the keys" to unlocking a certain future. They claim to be able to "unveil" the future so that their followers can have the assurance of knowing "what's next." Even though not one of them agrees totally with any other one of them regarding the details of these keys or the process of this unveiling, that makes little difference to those who are attracted to each one. For few people ever bother to compare the teachings of a wide variety of these teachers and groups. It is typical for an individual Bible student to be attracted to just one source of "prophetic teaching," and to invest all of his/her energy into absorbing every bit of minutia put out by that one source.
And they are usually not disappointed. Most End Times Prophecy ministries put out an endless stream of "amazing information" at least once a month, perhaps even once a week or more frequently if they have an effective website. This adds to their allure for those who wish to be constantly reassured with new "evidence" that their chosen prophecy guru is, indeed, able to open the secrets of the Bible in regard to the times in which we live. In addition, the fact that they are kept "in the know" by their guru may give them a sense that they are among an elite group which has the special favor of God. Many such teachers feed this sense by affirming that their ministry is so important to the Plan of God for the world that supporters of that ministry are, indeed, part of what might be termed a "spiritual special forces" brigade.
The primary purpose of prophecy in the Bible, even "predictive" prophecy, is to clarify
to specific people what God plans to do to them or for them-
In this context, study of "Bible Prophecy" is a useful tool to encourage the individual Christian, or groups of Christians, to consider carefully the fruit of obedience and disobedience to God.
But this is not the usual emphasis of End Times Prophecy pundits and groups. Although they may well occasionally mention this aspect of Bible prophecy, they are usually much more focused on "figuring out" a chronological scheme for exactly what God is going to do in the near future. And it is here that danger lies for the individual Christian who may be tempted to be swept up into active involvement in such a ministry. For most of the teaching about Bible prophecy is not really about Bible prophecy in general, but on what is termed in theological circles as Biblical apocalypse.
Click here to read an overview of the distinction between prophecy and apocalypse.
As noted in that overview, apocalypse is the kind of prophecy that is not "conditional" upon the actions and attitude of specific people or nations. It is straight "looking into the future." And thus End Times Prophecy pundits are convinced if they just peer hard enough into the apocalyptic passages, they can see a crystal clear view of the future.
Unfortunately for their listeners and supporters, this view is all too often not crystal clear quality, but crystal ball quality! For the apocalyptic message as delivered from God to the Biblical prophets was almost all couched in metaphorical terms, employing highly symbolic images, full of fantastic beasts and strange terrestrial and heavenly phenomena.
When ancient King Nebuchadnezzar had a strange, symbolic dream, he turned to the prophet Daniel for an interpretation. But what did Daniel do in order to understand the "meaning" of those strange symbols? Did he return to his Babylonian dorm room and get out his scrolls of the scriptures, his concordances, his history books, his lexicons and other research materials ... and try to "figure out" the dream that way? No, he returned to his Jewish companions and asked them to pray with him that God would give him the interpretation. And He did.
But what do most End Times Prophecy pundits do with material in the Book of Revelation-
A thing that strikes one who browses around in the vast literature that has grown up about the book of Revelation is the UTTER DOGMATISM with which so many put forth their opinions, not as opinions, but in categorical statements, as to the meaning of the most mysterious passages, as if they know all about it, and their say so settles the matter. We think a spirit of reverent humility, and openness of mind, would be more becoming in those seeking to interpret a book like this. (Henry Halley, Halley's Bible Handbook, 24th ed., P.684)
Wise counsel! Why has it been so widely ignored among modern commentators? One possible
answer: with a limited audience among which to garner supporters for evangelistic
ministries, the most dogmatic and bombastic teachers are often the most successful
at gathering around themselves the most enthusiastic-
Amazingly, the desire for security mentioned in the introduction to this profile
is so strong that many teachers are even able to hedge their prophetic interpretations
with occasional "possiblies," "probablies," "maybe's"-
This type of teacher has been extant for the past almost 2000 years now. Each was sure that the events of Revelation and the other apocalyptic passages in the scriptures would play out in his/her own lifetime. Each contrived elaborate "proofs" that their speculation wasn't just speculation, but trustworthy Biblical exposition. Each gathered a following based not on their spiritual maturity, or the fruits of their service to others, or the soundness of their Biblical teaching regarding the Gospel message. They gathered a following based on the enthusiasm engendered by their prophetic speculations.
Most Bible students who become enamored of the speculations of a particular prophecy teacher in our time have no clue that scenarios very similar to that of their teacher may have been dogmatically and bombastically proclaimed to be "imminent" ... decades or a century or more ago. Those earlier teachers may have used some of the same "calculations" and reasoning regarding Bible passages, and yet arrived at a "certainty" that the events were just about to happen in 1844, or 1915, or 1972.
Perhaps you have been intrigued by the speculations of a radio or TV "prophecy expert," and have been fascinated by what appears to be his incredible ability to "interpret" obscure passages of prophecy and apocalypse. Maybe you are tempted to begin investing in more and more of this teacher's materials, to drive long distances to hear him speak "live" at a seminar or convention, and even become involved in fellowship groups that are forming around his teachings.
Or perhaps a friend or family member appears to be about to become deeply involved in a group led by a prophecy pundit, and maybe even ready to make some drastic life choices that will be hard to "undo" based on the teachings of this guru. If so, you may find the Examination section below, which includes an overview of the history of End Times prophetic speculation, of assistance in evaluating the wisdom of your plans, or in dissuading a friend or family member from making foolish choices. And if you would like information on specific End Times Prophecy teachers, see the profiles of many near the end of this webpage.
You may also find it helpful to read the section elsewhere on this site regarding what happens to followers of "prophets" and prophecy interpreters when their prophecies or interpretations are proven false. See: When Prophecy Fails.
Teachers and groups proclaiming the imminency of prophetic fulfillments have been around since the time of Christ. The following are just a tiny few examples of such up to the 1800s. (Information in the following paragraphs is condensed from the books cited. Abbreviations of titles in the citations refer to books in the Bibliography at the end of this website section.)
In the second half of the second century, a Christian convert named Montanus succeeded in convincing many that he had been given a personal revelation directly from God that the Second Coming was at hand. It would happen at Pepuza (near modern Angora). "The prophet's personality and eloquence won him a host of disciples, who flocked in such numbers to the appointed spot that a new town sprang up to house them." (P. Hughes quoted in When Prophecy Fails (WPF), p. 6)
Joachim of Fiore (ca 1135-
An Anabaptist preacher of the early 1500s named Hoffman declared that the events of The End would begin in 1533, and that Strassburg would be the New Jerusalem. "... there the magistrates would set up the kingdom of righteousness, while the 144,000 would maintain the power of the City, and the true Gospel and the true Baptism [adult immersion] would spread over the earth. No man would be able to withstand the power, signs and wonders of the saints; and with them would appear, like two mighty torches, Enoch and Elias, who would consume the earth with the fire proceeding from their mouths." (Richard Heath quoted in WPF, p. 7)
In the early 1600s, a common belief of many Jews was that the Messiah would appear
in 1648. Just prior to that date, a young Jewish teacher named Sabbatai Zevi declared
to his small group of disciples that he was the expected Messiah. Although the 1648
year passed without a public acknowledgement of Zevi's claims, he continued to gather
followers. Around this same time, there arose speculation among Christians that the
Millennium would begin in 1666, and Zevi seems to have latched onto that date. From
In an attempt to go to Constantinople and depose the Muslim Sultan there, Zevi was
captured and imprisoned by the Muslims. Rather than dampen the enthusiasm for Zevi's
Messianic claims, this temporary setback was viewed as just a short time of suffering
he must go through before his glorification. "A constant procesion of adoring followers
visited the prison where Sabbatai held court, and a steady stream of propaganda and
tales of miracles poured out all over the Near East and Europe." As one contemporary
European Jewess wrote, "Many sold their houses and lands and all their possessions,
for any day they hoped to be redeemed. My good father-
The whole movement came to a screeching halt when the Sultan persuaded Zevi to convert
to Islam. (WPF pp 8-
Many in Britain were very wary of the year 1666 (1000+666) and thus, "Quaker George
Fox wrote that in 1666 nearly every thunderstorm aroused end-
Up to the early 1800s, most prophetic speculators based their scenarios on a number of fairly vague premises. These might include personal revelations, or the assumption that "current conditions" (plague, attacks of barbarians, astronomical phenomena) were so awful that it MUST mean "the end is at hand." Dates were often chosen for mystical significance (multiples of 1000, or 500, or 666 and the like).
But the 1800s brought a new breed of prophecy speculators, with new, more "scientific" methods. Many of the factors that they built into their speculations are still common to this day. They have been compiled into a special section of this website. Click on this link to go to "Aunt Pamela's Prophetic Recipe Collection."
The various groups and teachers from 1800 on who used these recipe ingredients are covered in the next section.
A number of End Times Prophecy teachers and groups which have developed from 1800 on are individually profiled in the Field Guide.
Individual teachers and their ministries from the 1930s to the present:
Extended profiles of the following teachers are currently available on this website.
Short profiles of the following teachers are available in the Who's Who Digest on this website.
After the Resurrection of Jesus, and before His ascension to heaven, the following dialogue occurred between Him and His eleven Apostles:
6 So when they met together, they asked him, "Lord, are you at this time going to restore the kingdom to Israel?"
7 He said to them: "
8 But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit comes on you; and you will be my witnesses in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the ends of the earth." (NIV)
Since Jesus made it clear He wasn't going to reveal the exact details of future events even to His closest followers, it isn't clear why so many Bible teachers who came after them have felt that He did reveal to them these details.
Within mere decades after this scene, there were prophecy pundits who claimed to
have unlocked the keys to the apocalyptic passages of scriptures which would reveal
those things which Jesus said it was not for His Apostles to know. And from that
day to this there has been a continual stream of such pundits. Generation after generation
they have put forth their speculations-
Some have claimed to have had specific, personal communication from the Lord regarding these matters. Even more have claimed to have special inspiration to interpret the Bible so that the hidden meanings would be revealed. And all of these have managed to convince others of the validity of their schemes of prophetic interpretation, and thus gather a following of "True Believers" around themselves.
Some have specifically pin-
More common than this have been those who have set a "time frame" for one of these events, using terms such as "in the next three to five years," or "before the end of this coming decade." And even more common have been those who have merely insisted it would be "within the lifetime of most of those now living."
At this point in history, it doesn't really make much difference which one of these styles of "date setting" which such teachers from past centuries have used. For all of their predictions have failed. All of the dates have passed, all of the decades have passed, and all of the generations have passed.
And yet none of this has slowed down the current crop of those in this 21st century
who would insist that this time around they really, really have got it all figured
out. This time around the keys will work-
Why can this same pattern keep repeating itself? Because many of these teachers and most of their students have absolutely no historical frame of reference regarding the pattern of failed prophetic speculation. They have no idea that their "air tight scenarios" have been suggested before and proven false. They have no idea that the systems of calculation they use to connect various obscure prophecies historically have also been used over and over to add up to failure.
Why do they continue to want to "make it work"? The usual explanation is that the
sure knowledge that Jesus will come within your own lifetime should make the average
Christian more "diligent" in their Christian walk, and startle the average non-
Thus many prophetic ministries view their speculations as sure-
This sounds like a good plan perhaps to those with no historic frame of reference.
But the record of all the ministries of the past which have used these tools shows
that the fall-
When that event fails to materialize, what might this do to the commitment? Sociological and historical studies have shown that there are three typical responses:
1. When the event fails to transpire, many become totally disillusioned, not just
with the failed prophecy and the false prophet or prophetic teacher, but often with
religion in general and perhaps even with God.
2. Others, unwilling to give up so easily if they have invested much emotionally
and physically in participation with the prophetic movement in question, may attempt
to "reason around" the failure and make excuses for it. The prophetic teacher may
explain that he just made some miscalculations and that the scenario is accurate,
but the timing just a bit off. Thus the predictions are just moved forward a few
months or years, and the most dedicated Believers will redouble their efforts to
get even more converts for the teacher. For, psychologically, if more people can
be persuaded to believe what you believe, it gives you more confidence in your beliefs!
Of course, eventually the adjusted dates will come and go also. And eventually ministries
and groups built on this sort failed speculation will fade away, with the followers
drifting off to find other teachers to feed their need for certainty in the face
of troubled times. Many such folks drift from teacher to teacher and ministry to
ministry throughout their whole lives.
3. If there were just too many "details" in the scenario that cannot be shifted to
a different time-
None of these three outcomes is spiritually healthy for those who have been involved with supporting a speculative End Times Prophecy ministry which has, in whatever way, predicted the End to come in a specified period.
What, then, of those ministries which avoid being quite so specific, and merely insist
that Jesus is coming "soon"? And that they have sorted out all the apocalyptic symbolism
which will help their students to see the prophecies unfold "in our time"? Since
they have not presented a time-
While the naive Christian who gets swept up in a specific date, and may thus make
some foolish life choices in order to "get on board" the ministry of one of these
For the obsession with reading more and more articles and books on End Times Prophecy, with watching End Times Prophecy programs on TV, with attending End Times Prophecy "conferences" and "seminars" may result in the naive Christian being the victim of Time Wasters. J
Jesus gave a number of parables to warn people to "be ready" when their Lord returned. But what did He indicate was "being ready"? Was it "knowing the day and hour" when He would come? Was it sorting out all the obscure symbolism of apocalyptic passages in the Bible? Was it spending most of one's free time with the study of such things?
Or was it living out the Sermon on the Mount and the other teachings of Jesus?
31 "When the Son of Man comes in his glory, and all the angels with him, he will sit on his throne in heavenly glory.
32 All the nations will be gathered before him, and he will separate the people one from another as a shepherd separates the sheep from the goats.
33 He will put the sheep on his right and the goats on his left.
34 "Then the King will say to those on his right, 'Come, you who are blessed by my Father; take your inheritance, the kingdom prepared for you since the creation of the world.
35 For I was hungry and you gave me something to eat, I was thirsty and you gave me something to drink, I was a stranger and you invited me in,
36 I needed clothes and you clothed me, I was sick and you looked after me, I was in prison and you came to visit me.'
37 "Then the righteous will answer him, 'Lord, when did we see you hungry and feed you, or thirsty and give you something to drink?
38 When did we see you a stranger and invite you in, or needing clothes and clothe you?
39 When did we see you sick or in prison and go to visit you?'
40 "The King will reply, 'I tell you the truth, whatever you did for one of the least of these brothers of mine, you did for me.'
Prophecy is a part of the Bible. Bible study will include a study of those prophecies. This is all good and right.
But studying the endless speculations of supposed "prophecy experts" is not the same thing as studying the Bible.
And when someone becomes addicted to the teachings of one or several of these self-
At the end of the Sermon on the Mount, Jesus warned His disciples what to do with the words He had taught them:
21 "Not everyone who says to me, 'Lord, Lord,' will enter the kingdom of heaven,
but only he who does the will of my Father who is in heaven.
22 Many will say to me on that day, 'Lord, Lord, did we not prophesy in your name, and in your name drive out demons and perform many miracles?'
23 Then I will tell them plainly, 'I never knew you. Away from me, you evildoers!'
24 "Therefore everyone who hears these words of mine and puts them into practice is like a wise man who built his house on the rock.
And Paul later put prophetic understanding in perspective also:
1 Cor 13:1-
1 If I speak in the tongues of men and of angels, but have not love, I am only a
resounding gong or a clanging cymbal.
2 If I have the gift of prophecy and can fathom all mysteries and all knowledge, and if I have a faith that can move mountains, but have not love, I am nothing.
3 If I give all I possess to the poor and surrender my body to the flames, but have not love, I gain nothing.
4 Love is patient, love is kind. It does not envy, it does not boast, it is not proud.
5 It is not rude, it is not self-
6 Love does not delight in evil but rejoices with the truth.
7 It always protects, always trusts, always hopes, always perseveres.
8 Love never fails. But
9 For we know in part and we prophesy in part,
10 but when perfection comes, the imperfect disappears.
11 When I was a child, I talked like a child, I thought like a child, I reasoned like a child. When I became a man, I put childish ways behind me.
12 Now we see but a poor reflection as in a mirror; then we shall see face to face. Now I know in part; then I shall know fully, even as I am fully known.
13 And now these three remain: faith, hope and love. But the greatest of these is love.
It is impossible to find a Bible passage that praises those who speculate on the meaning of obscure prophetic passages of the Bible. But there is much praise for those who will love.
Personal Note from the Webauthor
My interest in failed "End Times Prophecy scenarios" is not just academic. At one
time I was an avid supporter of a group which was a key player in the End Times Prophecy
movement, the Worldwide Church of God under Herbert Armstrong. And thus I have seen
In 1958, while still in Junior High School, my husband George clipped out a coupon
in a Capper's Farmer Magazine to send away for three free booklets, and a free magazine
subscription. The booklets were titled 1975 in Prophecy, The Wonderful World Tomorrow-
The 1975 in Prophecy booklet insisted that Christ was going to return to the earth to set up His Millennial kingdom by 1975, and that prior to this would be a time of terrible trouble called the Great Tribulation. The World Tomorrow Booklet explained what the Millennial Kingdom would be like. And the other booklet declared that the popular prophetic scenario of the time, in which Russia would attack America as part of End Times events, was incorrect. Armstrong was adamant that the End Times Beast power of Revelation would be a united Europe under the leadership of a German leader, and that it would attack and defeat America, taking many Americans to slave labor camps in Europe. Most issues of the monthly Plain Truth magazine included articles which reinforced these scenarios, as well as other articles presenting many other doctrinal and daily living concepts.
George continued to receive the Plain Truth throughout high school and several years of college. He came to accept without much question the prophetic scenarios, but paid little attention to the other biblical or doctrinal articles. Each issue also included an extensive radio log of the stations on which Armstrong and his son Garner Ted Armstrong could be heard promoting their beliefs. But George did not bother to try to find a station that he could hear.
When we met and married in 1965, he brought home a big stack of these Plain Truth magazines. Although I first cynically referred to them as "fanatic religious nonsense," I started looking through them, and was soon hooked on what I read. And I began sending for every booklet and article and book offered in the literature.
By the end of 1965, we were basically committed to the belief system of Armstrong
contained in all these materials. In particular, we were convinced that we were living
in the last few years just before the Second Coming, which we were convinced would
be in 1975. We became members of the church, renamed the Worldwide Church of God,
in 1968, and at that point learned of a prophetic detail that was not publicized
in the non-
The "proofs" for all these details of prophetic fulfillments were based on reasonings
which I now realize to be quite common in the past 200 years. What I was not aware
of was that many of the same elements used in Armstrong's speculations had been used
by many other self-
And I was further unaware that even Armstrong himself had dogmatically announced in one of the earliest issues of the Plain Truth, in 1934, that the Day of the Lord would be in 1936! (See the "Prophetic Recipe" section linked above to read of some of the various elements which figured into Armstrong's scenarios, as well as those of many other failed prophecy speculators.)
I was totally naive about the Bible and religious history when I began my study of the literature produced by Armstrong's institutions. I had never read any of the Bible, and had no historical perspective on religious movements which had preceded Armstrong. As many "prophecy experts" do, Armstrong would couch his writings in a way that made you feel you were asking questions and getting solid answers from the Bible ... when what was actually happening was that he was feeding you the exact questions he wanted you to ponder so that he could give you the narrow, canned answers he had prepared.
Looking back now, I can see how utterly speculative-
Prior to 1972, many members of the Worldwide Church of God made choices about such
things as family finances based on the expectation that they would not need family
finances after 1972! Many gave large amounts of money to Armstrong's organization
in the belief that they were helping him "in the gun-
When 1972 came and went without the Tribulation starting, and without any hint of "fleeing to Petra," many in Armstrong's group were bewildered. But just as is outlined in articles elsewhere on this Field Guide site, most were pacified by the excuses given for the prophetic failures, and many continued to sacrifice their own family's security to support Armstrong's ministry. (See: When Prophecy Fails. )
And thus we stayed on with the Worldwide Church of God until 1978. At that point
a major shake-
In recent years I have found our experiences in the WCG were quite typical of the
experiences of many others who have been swept up by enthusiasm for prophetic scenarios
which claim to, as Armstrong bragged, offer readers "The Key to the Book of Revelation."
And after studying the materials of a wide variety of other self-
I am not judging the hearts of any specific prophecy pundits-
In the field of End Times Prophecy speculation, as in many other areas of life,
I believe the advice "Let the buyer beware!" is extremely applicable.
A Brief History of the Apocalypse: This site has a chart, spanning several webpages, of "predictions of the end" from 2800 BC to the present.
The following books, along with many other resources, were consulted in preparation for compiling the information for this section of the Field Guide. They provide an overview and extensive documentation regarding a variety of prophetic ministries and teachers.
All are in the webauthor's private collection. Those wishing to do more extensive research on any of the topics covered may find this list useful as a starting point. Most of these books include extensive bibliographies of other books related to their specific topic.
A number of these books are still available new from Amazon.com, and some that are temporarily or even permanently out of print are still available through Amazon.com's used book services.
Also, many of these, both new and old, may be available to borrow through your local
library via the "Inter-
Apocalypse Delayed: The Story of Jehovah’s Witnesses
Penton, M. James
University of Toronto Press, Toronto ONT
Armageddon Now! The Premillenarian Response to Russia and Israel Since 1917
Baker Book House, Gr. Rapids MI
(history of prophetic speculation from 1917-
The Disappointed: Millerism and Millenarianism in the Nineteenth Century
Edited by Numbers, Ronald L. and Butler, Jonathan M.
Indiana University Press, Bloomington and Indianapolis IN
Doomsday Delusions: What's Wrong with Predictions About the End of the World?
Pate, C. Marvin; Haines, Calvin B. Jr.
Intervarsity Press, Downer's Grove IL
End Time Visions: The Road to Armageddon?
Broadman & Holman Publishers, Nashville TN
(history of prophetic speculation)
The Gentile Times Reconsidered: Chronology and Christ’s Return
Jonsson, Carl Olof
Commentary Press, Atlanta GA
(evaluation of the Jehovah's Witness speculation on End Time prophecy)
The Last Days Are Here Again
Baker Book House, Gr. Rapids MI
(history of prophetic speculation)
Naming the Antichrist: The History of an American Obsession
Oxford University Press, New York NY
The Sign of the Last Days: When?
Jonsson, Carl Olof and Herbst, Wolfgang
Commentary Press, Atlanta GA
(overview of Jehovah's Witness speculations on prophecy)
Soothsayers of the Second Advent
Alnor, William M.
Fleming H. Revell Co., Old Tappan NJ
(Profiles of a number of current prophecy teachers)
When Prophecy Fails: A Social and Psychological Study of a Modern Group that Predicted the Destruction of the World
Festinger, Leon; Riecken, Henry W.; Schachter, Stanley
Harper & Row, Publishers, New York NY
Author Festinger, a social psychologist, coined the term "cognitive dissonance,"
and introduced it to the general public in this work. The book is considered a classic
in the field of Social Psychology. Festinger and his social-
When Time Shall Be No More: Prophecy Belief in Modern American Culture
The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, Cambridge MA
Unless otherwise noted, all original material on this Field Guide website
is © 2001-
Careful effort has been made to give credit as clearly as possible to any specific material quoted or ideas extensively adapted from any one resource. Corrections and clarifications regarding citations for any source material are welcome, and will be promptly added to any sections which are found to be inadequately documented as to source.
End Times Prophecy Movement: